Diabetes and Oral Health

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by abnormally elevated Blood Glucose levels and alteration of metabolism. In 2000, India (31.7 million) topped the world with the highest number of people with diabetes. The American Diabetes Association has classified DM as such - Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1) and Insulin-independent Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2). A variety of other sub types of Diabetes also exist. Old age, obesity, insufficient energy consumption, drinking alcohol, smoking, etc. are independent risk factors of Diabetes. It is often noted that Type 2 Diabetes has more of a detrimental effect on the body as the onset of Type 2 DM is usually slow and it may remain undiagnosed for years, as about 50% of affected people are unaware of their disease. The damage to gums and other supporting structures of the tooth is considered as one of the clinical markers of Diabetes. Hence regular evaluation of oral cavity can help in early identification of the disease. Diabetic patients are also often more prone to developing oral diseases and decay, due to the alteration of blood and salivary sugar levels. Here, in this section, are a few FAQs and answers regarding the need and value of Diabetes treatment and Oral Health.

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